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Indian K 12 Teacher Profile

December 16, 2011

Researched and Written by: Aina Barker for Elucido Media Networks.

The purpose of this report is to understand the general profile of an average teacher in the K12 segment of Indian schools. As teachers form a large part of the decision making process, it is integral that we understand who the audience, i.e the teacher, is as eventually it will be them who will take the decision as to how comfortable they will be with using education technology.

 According to current estimates, 80% of all schools are government schools. However because of the poor quality of public education, 27% of Indian children are privately educated.

The pupil teacher ratio for private schools is 1:37 and more teachers in private schools are female. According to the latest DISE survey, the percentage of untrained teachers is 54.91% in private, compared to 44.88% in government schools.

25% of teaching positions nationwide are vacant, and 57% of college professors lack either a master’s or PhD degree.

The private education market in India is merely 5% although in terms of value is estimated to be worth $40 billion in 2008 and will increase to $68 billion by 2012.

General Facts of K12 Teachers in Private Schools
The average entry age of teachers is 25. Retirement is compulsory at 60. The average age of teachers across the K12 Segment is between 35 and 40 years.

Almost a 100% of teachers who teach classes K to 3 are female. The ratio is significantly weighted towards female teachers, again, for classes 4 – 7. It is only for classes 8 – 10 that the ratio of male to female teachers is more level.

Most teachers have a B.Ed degree and started teaching right thereafter.

When asked about resources for information, teachers say that they turn to their peers and one or two journals on education. Not many are internet savvy or follow blogs on education or technology in the classroom.

In regards to the use of technology in the classroom, most teachers have heard of only IWB’s though a majority have never used one. It seems that aside for the elite international schools no other private schools have embraced any form of technology in the classroom.

Source: Mrs. Baptiste, K12 teacher at Bethnay High School, Bangalore

Gender Ratio of Teachers in Urban Private Schools


Educational Qualification of Teachers in Private Schools
A large majority of teachers working in secondary sections are graduate or post-graduate teachers (75.4 per cent), the corresponding figures for middle sections and primary sections being 17.4 and 1.5 respectively

Amongst the women teachers, 77.0 per cent are trained whereas among the men teachers 72.5 per cent are trained.

Section-wise, in the primary sections 73.7 per cent teachers are trained, in the middle section 75.2 per cent teachers are trained whereas in the secondary sections 69.6 per cent are trained teachers.

Average Salaries of K12 Teachers by Job


Average Salaries of K 12 teachers by Years of experience


Average Salaries of K12 Teachers by City


Average monthly salary of teachers by school-type

On asking questions regarding how teachers keep up to date on new trends and news in education, they stated that they mainly read the education supplements of prominent newspapers and some education magazines.

Publications Subscribed To
India Today Aspire, Education Worldwide India, Digital Learning and EDU

Newspapers Read
The Times Of India – Education Times, Hindustan Times – HT Horizons, The Hindu – Education Plus, Deccan Chronicle – Education Segment and The New Indian Express – Edex.

In regard to keeping informed on the curriculum that they teach, K 12 educators depend on the official websites of each board for Information.

Websites Visited
National  Council for Teachers in Education

National Council of Educational Research and Training

Central Board of Secondary Education

Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations

The National Institute of Open Schooling

International Baccalaureate

SSLC information is available of the official state government website of each state. Eg.

We can conclude that the average K12 teacher has not been exposed to technology in the classroom, nor have they ever had any training for it. If schools were to invest in the technology the first big hindrance would be the teachers as they would be uncomfortable using it. Years and years of a blackboard and chalk and a certain method of taking a class cannot be changed overnight and will probably not take root with teachers who have been teaching for decades.

The best way to reach out to teachers, spread the word and let them get used to technology in education, is to get to them at the root, which would be when they are undergoing teacher training. If appropriate education technology was deployed at teacher training institutes across the country then teachers would be savvy to it from the beginning.

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